Man With Monkeypox Develops Serious Heart Issue, What to Know

  • Researchers believe monkeypox is linked to heart problems.
  • A man aged 31 was tested positive for monkeypox, and then developed an inflammation within the heart muscles.
  • The man is completely recovered.

Monkeypox can cause heart problems in certain patients, as per an upcoming case study, which was released on Friday in JACC: Case Reports.

A 31-year-old man was tested positive for monkeypox. He was diagnosed with acute myocarditis — inflammation of the cardiac musclewithin a week of exhibiting symptoms of the disease.

Researchers believe that this case study suggests heart inflammation could be one of the rare complications associated with monkeypox.

According to Dr. Jorge Salinas, an infectious diseases specialist and health epidemiologist in the hospital at Stanford University, other viruses such as enteroviruses, and the smallpox virus that is linked to the monkeypox virus are known to affect the heart.

Patients who have been who were diagnosed by monkeypox during the 2022 outbreak have also developed myocarditis. However disease experts suggest it’s likely to be a rare condition.

“As the outbreak continues, we will hear of a few more cases but I don’t expect the number to be large,” Salinas said to Healthline.

Patient was diagnosed with myocarditis a week after acquiring monkeypox.

The patient was a healthy male aged 31 was admitted to a clinic for health five days following the onset of symptoms related to monkeypox. The patient was suffering from symptoms of myalgia, malaise, fever and numerous skin lesions.

He was found to be positive for the virus monkeypox. He returned at the hospital three days following as there was chest pain and tightness in the left side of his arm.

The patient was subjected to multiple heart tests that showed that he suffered from an injury to the heart. A test of cardiac magnetic resonance that captures pictures of the heart, revealed that the patient suffered from myocardial inflammation.

The patient completely recovered after one week.

According to the research team the case suggests myocarditis could be a complication of monkeypox. However, further research is required to better understand the connection between heart damage and monkeypox.

“Clinicians should be vigilant in a patient with monkeypox describing chest pain to look for this rare clinical manifestation, which completely resolved in this patient,” Dr. Monica Gandhi, an infectious disease specialist from the University of California, San Francisco said.

We know something about the smallpox monkeypox and heart problems

Monkeypox is a common cause of self-limited symptoms that include myalgia, skin lesions and fever. It clears within a couple of weeks.

Gandhi affirms that the latest monkeypox outbreak — with more than 52,000 cases across 110 nations is the most extensive monkeypox epidemic that the globe has witnessed since the virus was first identified in 1958.

“Therefore, this outbreak provides the opportunity to define the clinical characteristics of this infection in more detail,” Gandhi declared.

Myocarditis is a condition that can be that is a result of a variety of infectious diseases. The past research conducted by Trusted Source has discovered virus-related infections to be the most frequent causes of myocarditis.

“Myocarditis can be caused by a variety of viruses ranging from influenza to coxsackie viruses, to influenza virus, to smallpox and to SARS-CoV2,” Dr. Amesh Adalja is a senior researcher of the Johns Hopkins University Center for Health Security and an expert in infectious diseases has told Healthline.

Myocarditis has been linked with smallpox that is more risky than monkeypox. Since monkeypox is linked to smallpox in the same way, researchers think that monkeypox can cause heart damage in some situations.

“Smallpox is a related virus to monkeypox and was associated with myocarditis (inflammation of the heart), as was the smallpox vaccine,” Gandhi declared.

Patients suffering from viral myocarditis usually initially experience malaise, fever and myalgias prior to experiencing cardiac symptoms.

The inflammation could be caused by the virus in itself along with the inflammation that results from your body’s response to the immune.

“In some cases there is a direct viral myocytes invading the cardiac myocytes, which causes dysfunction. In other instances it may be an immune reaction to the pathogen that causes damage to the heart,” Adalja said, noting that it could be an amalgamation of both.

Adalja does not anticipate myocarditis to be a frequent problem in patients suffering from monkeypox.

“Myocarditis does not seem to be a frequent complication of monkeypox — hence only one case report,” Adalja stated.

The final word:

A case study that has just been published detailing the health of a healthy man aged in the 30s diagnosed the virus monkeypox and then developed myocarditis, suggests that the virus could cause heart damage in a few patients. Experts from infectious diseases claim that the inflammation of the heart is linked to other infections, however they believe that it will be a very rare complication of monkeypox.

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